Awnless bushsunflower is a native, warm season perennial forb or subshrub that grows 1-3’ tall. Awnless bush sunflower is primarily found in south, central, and west Texas in full sun or in open brush canopies on well-drained soils. Bushsunflower is preferred forage of white-tailed deer, good forage for livestock, especially sheep and goats, and an excellent pollinator plant. The seeds are also eaten by quail and turkeys. This plant is an excellent component of range and wildlife habitat seed mixes, for highway and energy rights-of-ways, for perennial wildlife food plots, and pollinator plantings.
Awnless bush sunflower is an important and widespread forb, considered by some as one of the “big 4” perennial forbs for wildlife in Texas. It grows from a thick underground tuber, making it extremely drought hardy. White-tailed deer frequently browse the leaves and flowers, and in areas of high deer density the species can be restricted to growth in the canopy of brush and cactus where it is protected from grazers. The yellow-orange flowers attract a wide range of pollinators, including monarchs. Two varieties are available for use Texas: Plateau, which is adapted to Central and West Texas, and Venado Germplasm, adapted to South and Central Texas.
Planting: Plant in the spring at a rate of 2.6 lbs. pure live seed (PLS) per acre at 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. Planting Rate/Ac: 1.5-2.0 pld
Soil: Sands and clay loams
Height: 1.5-3 feet
Type: Warm Season Perennial
Region: Edwards Plateau, Western Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes, Rio Grande Plains, Central Rolling Red and Grande Prairies
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