Awnless Bushsunflower

Awnless bushsunflower is a native, perennial warm-season forb that grows 1½ to 3 feet tall. Awnless bush sunflower is primarily adapted to the Edwards Plateau, but it also performs well in the western Gulf Coast Prairies, Rio Grande Plain, and Central Rolling Red and Grand Prairies. It desires full sun, well-drained soils like sandy or clay loams.

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Description

Awnless bushsunflower is a native, warm season perennial forb or subshrub that grows 1-3’ tall.  Awnless bush sunflower is primarily found in south, central, and west Texas in full sun or in open brush canopies on well-drained soils. Bushsunflower is preferred forage of white-tailed deer, good forage for livestock, especially sheep and goats, and an excellent pollinator plant. The seeds are also eaten by quail and turkeys.  This plant is an excellent component of range and wildlife habitat seed mixes, for highway and energy rights-of-ways, for perennial wildlife food plots, and pollinator plantings.

Awnless bush sunflower is an important and widespread forb, considered by some as one of the “big 4” perennial forbs for wildlife in Texas.  It grows from a thick underground tuber, making it extremely drought hardy.  White-tailed deer frequently browse the leaves and flowers, and in areas of high deer density the species can be restricted to growth in the canopy of brush and cactus where it is protected from grazers.  The yellow-orange flowers attract a wide range of pollinators, including monarchs.  Two varieties are available for use Texas: Plateau, which is adapted to Central and West Texas, and Venado Germplasm, adapted to South and Central Texas.

Planting: Plant in the spring at a rate of 2.6 lbs. pure live seed (PLS) per acre at 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep. Planting Rate/Ac: 1.5-2.0 pld

Soil: Sands and clay loams

Height: 1.5-3 feet

Type: Warm Season Perennial

Region: Edwards Plateau, Western Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes, Rio Grande Plains, Central Rolling Red and Grande Prairies

For more information:

Plateau Awnless bushsunflower Brochure from USDA NRCS

Venado Awnless Bushsunflower Brochure from USDA NRCS

Additional information

Season

Warm Season

Plant Type

Forb

Flower Color

Yellow

Height

1-3'

Wildlife

Deer, Quail, Turkeys