Cheyenne Indiangrass

Indiangrass is a very palatable and nutritious forage for cattle and horses during the growing season. A native perennial, warm-season, bunchgrass with short rhizomes and rather coarse stems. A robust, vigorous plant, 3-8 feet tall, with coarse leaves blue to pea-green colored and panicles 8-12 inches long, bronze to yellow colored. Flowers in late September and October and spreads by seed and rhizomes. Cold and drought tolerant; a very palatable grass. Cheyenne is best suited for the northern portions of Texas and into the great plains.

Provides good quality forage during the growing season for cattle, horses, and deer and cover for bobwhite quail. Used for erosion control.

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Indiangrass is a native, warm season perennial bunchgrass that grows 3-8’ tall. Indiangrass is found throughout Texas, but is most common in the eastern two-thirds of the state and in the Panhandle.  It is also found in high elevation sites in the Trans Pecos. Indiangrass is good livestock forage and large colonies of the species provide excellent cover for wildlife. Cheyenne Indiangrass is a common component of range and wildlife habitat seed mixes and for erosion control plantings along rights-of-ways.

Cheyenne Indiangrass was released in 1945 by the Manhattan, Kansas Plant Materials Center.  The release originates from seed collected from native plants near Fort Supply, Oklahoma.  When grown in Texas, Cheyenne Indiangrass is generally smaller in stature than Lometa or Wilson Indiangrasses.  Cheyenne is recommended for use in the northern third of Texas, the Panhandle, and in the Blackland Prairie. Indiangrass is considered one of the “big 4” native grasses of the Tallgrass Prairies of Texas and the Great Plains.  It was likely much more abundant prior to overgrazing and the cultivation of large expanses of prairies and native grasslands.

Planting: Plant in the spring at a rate of 3-5 lbs. pure live seed (PLS) per acre.

Soil: Grows in a variety of soils.

Height: 3-7 feet

Type: Warm Season Perennial

Region: High Plains, Rolling Plains, Cross Timbers and Prairies, northern Post Oak Savannah, northern Blackland Prairies, northern Piney Woods

For more information: Cheyenne Indiangrass Brochure from USDA NRCS

Additional information


Warm Season

Plant Type





Deer, Quail, Turkeys