Hubam Clover is a cool season, annual or biennial sweet clover that grows up to 7-10’ in height. It is well adapted to most regions of Texas receiving at least 17” of annual rainfall and a wide range of soils. It is used as a high protein forage for wildlife and livestock. Hubam is also an excellent cover crop for nitrogen fixation and soil penetration in compacted soils. Hubam is highly preferred as a nectar plant for bees and provides excellent pollinator habitat in spring and early summer. It is commonly used in reclamation projects, wildlife plantings, and food plots. Deer browse this species, and quail, doves, and turkey consume the seeds.
Sweetclovers such as Hubam were once the most widely grown forage and soil building legumes used in the U.S. These plants are extremely drought-tolerant and very effective for soil improvement on sites that oftentimes grow little else. Sweetclovers are considered weedy in some regions and care should be taken to avoid planting them in natural areas.
Planting Rate: 8-15 lbs per acre
Best Time to Plant: There are two planting times for Hubam Clover – Fall (October- November) & Late Winter/ Early Spring (depending on how far north you are changes how early in spring. You want to plant after there is no more chances of a freeze)
Soil Type: Does well in a wide variety of soils, even salty and sandy soils.
Type: Cool Season Annual – Biennial (in favorable conditions it could live for two years, instead of just one.)
Regions: Most of the United States in elevations 0-8,500 feet above sea level.
For more information: Forage Legumes for Texas by Texas AgriLife Research