Cowpeas are a vining annual legume crop that grow 1 to 2 ft. tall. Cowpeas are widely adapted throughout Texas, are drought resistant, and easily established. Cowpeas are used for livestock forage, as a component of wildlife food plots, and as nitrogen fixing cover crops.
Unlike other cowpea varieties, Iron & Clay cowpeas continue to grow and produce forage after the seed is dropped. Cowpeas are highly palatable to deer, with crude protein content of up to 27%. Quail and other game birds relish the seed and benefit from its nutritional value if the plant is allowed to produce seed. Seed matures around 100 days after planting. Cowpeas are a staple of spring- and summer-planted food plots for deer.
Uses: Cowpea is a classification for a group warm season peas that can be used for high protein forage for livestock and wildlife. Cowpeas are also used as a nitrogen fixing cover crops.
Planting depth: 1 inch
Planting Rate: 20-30 lbs per acre
For more information: Cowpea Cover Crop Information Sheet from the Cover Crop Council