Partridge pea is a native, annual legume that grows 1-3’ in height with showy yellow blooms throughout the growing season after rain. It best adapted to sandy soils in Texas. Partridge pea seed is relished by game birds and it is an important food source for bobwhite quail in many regions. It is also an important pollinator plant for various butterflies and honeybees. It can be potentially toxic to livestock in large quantities, but it is usually avoided by most grazers if other forages are available.
Partridge pea is an excellent native legume for inclusion in range and wildlife habitat restoration plantings, pollinator plantings, and as a component of game bird food plots. It establishes easily from seed, and once established, typically reseeds itself annually with soil disturbance.
Planting: Plant in the spring at a rate of 2-3 lbs. pure live seed per acre at 1/4 to 3/4 inch deep.
Soil: Favors sand and sandy loams
Height: 1-3 feet
Type: Warm Season Annual
Region: Midwest, eastern, and southern United States
For more information: Partridge pea Plant Guide from USDA NRCS