Partridge Peas

The partridge pea is a valuable annual reseeding erect legume for multiple wildlife species. It is also an important pollinator species for various butterflies. It can be potentially toxic to cattle in large quantities. It’s bright yellow flower also adds to its value as a landscaping plant. This plant grows on a wide range of soils that are slightly acid to moderately alkaline. However, it grows best on moderately lime, well drained soils.

Provides food for deer, small rodents, upland game birds, and waterfowl. Useful in erosion control.

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Partridge pea is a native, annual legume that grows 1-3’ in height with showy yellow blooms throughout the growing season after rain.  It best adapted to sandy soils in Texas.   Partridge pea seed is relished by game birds and it is an important food source for bobwhite quail in many regions.  It is also an important pollinator plant for various butterflies and honeybees.  It can be potentially toxic to livestock in large quantities, but it is usually avoided by most grazers if other forages are available.

Partridge pea is an excellent native legume for inclusion in range and wildlife habitat restoration plantings, pollinator plantings, and as a component of game bird food plots.  It establishes easily from seed, and once established, typically reseeds itself annually with soil disturbance.

Planting: Plant in the spring at a rate of 2-3 lbs. pure live seed per acre at 1/4 to 3/4 inch deep.

Soil: Favors sand and sandy loams

Height: 1-3 feet

Type: Warm Season Annual

Region: Midwest, eastern, and southern United States

For more information: Partridge pea Plant Guide from USDA NRCS

Additional information


Warm Season

Plant Type





Deer, Doves, Quail, Turkeys