Sideoats grama is the official State Grass of Texas. It is a native, warm season perennial bunchgrass that grows 3-5’ at maturity. Its wide distribution and value as livestock forage make it one of the important range grasses statewide. It is most common in the western two-thirds of Texas, and is found on most soils except extremely sandy sites. It has excellent value as cover for small mammals, birds, and wildlife, and it is a preferred nesting grass for quail on many in Texas range sites. It is a primary component of range and wildlife restoration seed mixes, right of way reclamation plantings, and as an interesting ornamental.
Two botanical varieties of Sideoats grama are common in Texas, and both types frequently grow on the same sites. One type forms dense turf-like colonies with broad, short leaves. This type often grows in partial shade, on upland prairies, or over shallow limestone soils. The other is a tall, wiry bunchgrass that is more common in the western and northern parts of Texas. Several commercial varieties of Sideoats grama are available for use in Texas, including El Reno, Haskell, South Texas, and Brewster. In many cases, two varieties of the grass are appropriate for most planting sites. Sideoats grama is one of the easiest native grasses to establish from seed.
Planting Rate: 4-6 lbs. pure live seed (PLS) per acre
For more information: Sideoats Grama Plant Guide from USDA NRCS